Tax Implications of Property Transfers During a Divorce

The decisions you make in a divorce can affect you for years to come. This is particularly true if your divorce involves the transfer of high-value assets, since these transfers could impact you on your taxes. However, unless you discuss your case with a divorce attorney and financial planner, it’s impossible to know which decisions will protect you financially.

Ready to take the first step and discuss your divorce with an attorney? The team at Kirk Drennan Law is here to help. Call us at 205-803-3500 to schedule a consultation now.

Transfers During Divorce

Per the IRS, spouses and ex-spouses can transfer property to each other as part of a divorcee agreement without having to recognize gains or losses on the transaction. This allows the parties to divide property fairly without having to take a hit on their taxes the following year.

Property transfers that happen between the date of the divorce decree and the one-year anniversary of the divorce decree are assumed to be related to the divorce. After the year mark and up until six years after the divorce decree, property transfers can still be considered divorce-related if they are listed in the divorce decree. Once you pass the six-year anniversary of the divorce decree, property transfers are no longer assumed to be related to the divorce in any way.

Transfer as a True Sale

There are some situations in which it is more beneficial to treat a transfer as a true sale instead of a divorce-related transfer. This depends largely on the value of the property, how long the person receiving the property plans on holding it, and the realized gains on the property. This may be relevant for some high-asset divorces, so it is worth discussing with your attorney and financial planner.

When Property Transfer is Noted in a Prenuptial Agreement

You have to cover your bases when negotiating a divorce. Consider the terms of tax-free transfers during divorce as described above. If a transfer happens within one to six years after the divorce, it is considered divorce-related only if it is described in the divorce decree.

This may not always happen if property is described in a prenuptial agreement. If a specific division of assets is laid out in a prenuptial agreement, the divorcing partners may simply divide assets without listing it in the divorce decree. However, if this happens more than one year after the divorce decree, those transfers may not be considered divorce related. This may force one or both parties to suffer penalties on their taxes for those transfers. Outlining the transferred property in the divorce decree, even if it is listed in the prenuptial agreement already, may help avoid this issue.

Tax Concerns of Transferred Property

Even if you don’t need financial planning help for the divorce itself, you may find it helpful to consult with one as you plan for post-divorce life. Depending on which assets are transferred, you may need to change your tax exemptions and payments to accommodate your new financial status. For example, if you receive a rental property as part of your divorce agreement, you will need to consider the tax implications of being a landlord. If you meet with a financial planner early in the process, you’ll know how to manage your funds appropriately and take care of your new assets.

How a Divorce Attorney Can Help

Regardless of which assets are being transferred, you absolutely need to discuss your options with a divorce attorney. If your ex-partner is represented by an attorney and you are not, you’ll likely end up being taken advantage of. Unfortunately, you won’t know until taxes come due the following year. When you work with an experienced divorce attorney, you can feel confident that your lawyer has your best interests in mind. This allows you to begin the healing process during this challenging time.

Discuss Your Legal Issues with Kirk Drennan Law

As you get ready to work through the divorce process, remember that you don’t have to do it alone—and you shouldn’t. There’s a lot at stake in a divorce, and with proper legal assistance, you can best prepare for your fresh new start. To find out how Kirk Drennan Law can help, schedule a consultation now by calling us at 205-803-3500 or contacting our team online.

What Can and Cannot Be Included in a Prenuptial Agreement?

Prenuptial agreements are often a controversial subject, but they don’t have to be. When done properly, they protect both parties and limit complications if divorce were to occur. They aren’t an indication that one party doesn’t believe in the future of the marriage; they are a failsafe in case the unlikely were to occur.

Knowing that, it is important to be familiar with what can and cannot be included in a prenuptial agreement before you get too far into planning. To learn more and for more personalized advice regarding your prenuptial agreement, call Kirk Drennan Law at 205-803-3500to set up a consultation.

Spousal Support
Spousal support can and should be discussed in your prenuptial agreement. This is important when there is a significant earning disparity. Were the marriage to end, the lower-earning partner would still need some financial support to maintain a standard of living. Discussing this amount ahead of time ensures that everyone is on the same page.

The document may outline how much spousal support is to be paid, how often, and whether a lump sum is available in lieu of monthly payments. Some people choose to make the alimony amount and timeframe dependent on the length of the marriage.

Asset Division
Some people come into marriage with assets they need to keep separate. This includes inheritances, businesses, and real estate. However, if those assets are used to benefit both partners, they are often considered marital property during the divorce. By discussing asset division at this stage, you can determine how you want them to be split up instead of leaving it to the courts.

Debt Division
Almost all divorcing couples have at least some debt to split up, and no one wants to get left with more than their fair share. Many prenuptial agreements include details about who will take which debts or how larger accounts will be split up. If one partner has a significant amount of debt and the other does not, a prenuptial agreement is one way to help the debt-free partner feel safer about entering a marriage.

A Sunset Clause
As noted earlier, a prenuptial agreement is not an indication that your marriage will fail. Because of this, some couples write sunset clauses into their prenuptial agreements. These clauses make the other parts of the prenuptial agreement null and void if the marriage lasts a specific length of time. This allows both parties to get what they want from the negotiating process while creating a prenuptial agreement.

No: Child Support
People often assume that you can discuss child support in a prenuptial agreement. However, child support is not a right of the parent. It is a right of the child. Because of this, the parents cannot choose to waive child support on behalf of the child. If a divorce does happen, child support will be determined based on the circumstances at the time of the divorce.

No: Child Custody
On a similar note, you cannot decide child custody arrangements in a prenuptial agreement. This is because custody is based on what is best for the child, not what the parents want. Child custody is decided by the parents’ preferences, parents’ abilities, and child’s best interests at the time of divorce. At no point can a couple override the court’s freedom to decide what is best for the child in a custody dispute.

Contact Kirk Drennan Law for Help with Your Prenuptial Agreement
A prenuptial agreement can get the tough discussions out of the way before the wedding, allowing you to start your married life free and without worry. To learn more about your options and how this type of agreement can benefit you, contact Kirk Drennan Law online or call us at 205-803-3500.

Is My Spouse Entitled to Half My Business During a Divorce?

In case divorce wasn’t already stressful enough, business owners have even more to worry about when they begin the divorce process. In many Alabama divorces, a business owned by one partner is considered marital property. As such, it may be subject to asset division during the divorce.

If you’re facing divorce and you’re worried about the future of your business, we’re here to help. Call Kirk Drennan Law Office at 205-803-3500 to schedule a consultation now.

The Business as Marital Property

To start, you have to look at how Alabama courts view property. In most cases, you’ll find that businesses started during the course of the marriage are considered marital property. Some people wonder if this is true even if they purchased the business on their own and built it without input from their partner. In these cases, yes, the business is still considered marital property.

The courts assume that marital assets were used to build the business and that both individuals made sacrifices for the good of the business. It is fairly difficult to get a business that started during the marriage declared as separate property.

The circumstances are a little murkier if your business started before the marriage began. If the business was not used to benefit both parties during the marriage, it will likely remain separate property and won’t be divided. If both partners lived off the proceeds of the business or worked on the advancement of the business, it may be considered marital property.

Negotiating a Buyout

If the business is in fact marital property, what’s your next step? You will usually have to negotiate a buyout with your ex-partner. This involves getting the business appraised as you need to know what the business is worth before you can buy out the other owner. A number of circumstances make this process significantly more difficult.

If you are not the only owner of the business and other people have a stake in it, you could be in for a fairly long legal process if you want to buy out your ex-partner. Additionally, if your partner does not want a buyout and wants to remain a partial owner, you may have some work to do.

Tax Considerations While Dividing a Business

During negotiations, it is important to keep tax implications at the back of your mind at all times. An agreement that appears fair and beneficial to both parties can suddenly go sour if it turns out one party will be heavily penalized on taxes the following year. This is one area where your CPA and attorney can help you figure out what you really need to get out of negotiations. Property transfers must be done in a way that does not lead to taxable gains or gift tax liability.

Trading Other Assets to Keep the Business

Buying out a partner or giving them half of your business is not always a viable solution. First, many people simply do not want to give up ownership or buy someone out for something they feel they built on their own. That’s understandable. Additionally, some people do not have the liquid funds available to buy out the other party.

Your attorney may suggest negotiating other assets to allow you to keep the business. This is common in high asset divorces. The spouse who did not start the business may not want the hassle of ownership or buyout, and the person who started the business does not want to lose

any control over their creation. If you have other assets that you’d be willing to use as bargaining chips, that could be the way to go.

For example, if your ex-partner is worried about the loss of business income for stability, you may be able to give them a rental property (if you own one together) in exchange for you retaining full ownership of the business. You may also agree to pay spousal support or allow them to keep other valuable assets in exchange for the business.

Kirk Drennan Law Office is Here to Help

There are a number of ways to handle property division issues in a divorce, but no matter what, a strong divorce attorney is key. At Kirk Drennan Law, we fight for our clients’ best interests at the negotiating table and in the courtroom. Set up your consultation now by calling us at 205- 803-3500 or contacting us online.